Engine generates the power to the vehicle by burning the fuel. The main part of engine is the cylinder. Other parts of engine include piston, spark plug, valves, connecting rod, crankshaft, water jacket and sump. All the other parts are located in the cylinder itself. Each engine part manufacturer has to produce the best quality engine since it plays the important role in deciding the performance of an automobile.
Important parts of an engine:
In cylinder, the fuel reacts with the oxygen in air to produce heat to power up the engine during the combustion process.
Piston is the cylindrical shaped, movable part of the engine located on the cylinder. It moves up and down to convert the fuel energy into the mechanical energy.
Spark plug positioned on the cylinder head is used to initiate the spark to ignite the fuel mixture during combustion. Timing is crucial for the spark to make everything work accurately.
Valves is also placed on the cylinder head, opens up to let the air fuel inside the cylinder and used to let out the gas outside the cylinder.
Connecting rod revolves at both ends to connect the piston to the crankshaft. Its angle decide the movement of piston and crankshaft.
Located at the bottom of the cylinder, crankshaft changes the up and down motion of the piston into rotatory motion. This act basically makes the wheel to rotate in a vehicle.
Oil sump is conveniently placed on the bottom of the cylinder to collect the lubricating oil for the mobile partsof the engine.